1 May 2018
Gardening with dementia – hearts and plants in bloom!
Gardening with dementia could help hearts and plants bloom anew. As our population ages, dementia remains the most feared illness for over 55s and in 2012, the Department of Health
Healthcare professionals often outline stages of dementia by the severity of the disease. This helps physicians to understand the extremity, helping them define the individual’s needs and determine the appropriate course of action for dementia care.
The most commonly used scale is the Reisberg Scale, known as the Global Deterioration Scale for Assessment of Primary Degenerative Dementia (GDS Scale). The GDS scale divides seven stages of dementia based on the amount of apparent cognitive decline.
Whether you have a loved one that has been diagnosed with dementia or are looking for more information about the signs and symptoms, this blog article will discuss the seven stages of dementia and highlight what to expect during each stage.
During this first stage of dementia, the person will function as normal and will be mentally healthy. The individual will not experience any issues with memory or show any signs of dementia symptoms.
When the second stage of dementia occurs, the individual may be experiencing minor memory issues. This is difficult to distinguish from normal age-related memory issues – such as forgetting names or misplacing objects. At this stage, dementia symptoms are very rarely spotted by the individual’s loved ones or even their physician.
As the individual progresses into the third stage of dementia, some symptoms may be noticeable to friends and family members, and a physician would be able to detect any impairment in their cognitive function.
These symptoms could include, but are not limited to:
This particulate stage of dementia has an estimated duration of between 2 to 7 years.
By the time the individual has reached the fourth stage, they will be experiencing clear-cut dementia symptoms, indicating a moderate decline in their cognitive functionality. During this time, the individual may:
The average duration of the fourth stage of dementia is approximately 2 years
When the individual reaches the fifth stage of dementia, they may require assistance to complete daily activities such as bathing, dressing and cooking. The individual may be unable to recall simple personal details – such as their address or phone number, and may show some confusion in knowing where they are and the time of day..
The average duration for this stage of dementia is approximately 1.5 years.
For those suffering from dementia, by the time they reach the sixth stage, they will require extensive assistance to complete Activities of Daily Living (ADL’s). Common ADLs include tasks such as bathing, dressing, feeding themselves, working, homemaking and leisurely activities.
During this stage, the individual will experience:
The average duration of this stage is approximately 2.5 years.
When the seventh and final stage of dementia occurs, the individual will lose their ability to communicate or respond to their environment and will need assistance with all Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). The individual may lose the ability to swallow or speak and use their psychomotor skills, such as the ability to walk. The final stage of dementia is also known as late dementia and occurs when the individual is nearing the end of their life.
The average duration for the final stage of dementia is between 1.5 – 2.5 years.
Although there is currently no cure for dementia, there are many ways to improve the quality of life for those suffering from the disease. From easing their dementia symptoms to creating a bespoke care plan which will allow them to continue to lead a fulfilling life from home. Remaining around familiar surroundings helps boost memory and cognitive function and can help dementia sufferers remain at ease whilst suffering from the disease.