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A stroke is a serious condition in which the blood supply to the brain cuts off due to a burst vessel or blood clot. All strokes are a medical emergency, and the sooner the individual receives treatment, the less damage is likely to happen.
Prior to a stroke, a blood vessel is either blocked by a blood clot or the vessel ruptures. This causes blood to be cut off from areas of the brain. Consequently, as the brain cannot get the blood it needs, the brain loses oxygen, causing brain cells to die.
During a stroke, blood is cut off to areas of the brain. This causes changes within an individuals behaviour that can be identified by the word FAST:
There are three different types of stroke, they are:
An Ischaemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, occurring when a blockage cuts off the blood supply to the brain. This causes the brain to lose oxygen, which then leads to a stroke.
A Haemorrhagic stroke occurs through bleeding in or around the brain, caused by a blood vessel rupturing. Haemorrhagic strokes are severely life-threatening as brain cells can die within minutes. They are the least common form of stroke.
Also known as a mini-stroke, a Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) is a serious condition where the blood supply to the brain is temporarily disrupted. Mini strokes are often linked to an unhealthy lifestyle.
There are more than 100,000 strokes every year in the United Kingdom, equating to around one stroke every five minutes. Strokes are the fourth single leading cause of death in the UK, however, there are an estimated 1.2 million stroke survivors of strokes.
There are a number of factors that increase the risk of you having a stroke. Certain factors cannot be controlled, including gender, age and genetics. However, lifestyle factors can also play a part, including a poor diet, lack of exercise, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, high salt intake, high cholesterol and heavy drinking.
All stroke cases are unique as it depends on which part of the brain was damaged and to what extent. Early rehabilitation and treatment can improve the recovery rate, however, in severe cases, a stroke can cause permanent damage, a loss of function or even death.
Although some people can recover quickly, many individuals who suffer from a stroke require a long period of time to fully rest and recover. The process of rehabilitation depends on the symptoms and their severity, so each individual case is different. Certain individuals may require stroke assistance to regain full independence.
It is estimated that currently:
For stroke survivors, a quality night’s sleep unearths a number of benefits. Sleep supports neuroplasticity (the brain’s ability to create new connections between nerves in healthy parts of the brain). This allows stroke survivors to make progress with moments and functions.
For some individuals, rehabilitation helps you regain movement within your limbs following a stroke. However, it all depends on the severity of the stroke and the symptoms you face, as we have discussed, every case is different.
There are a number of things stroke patients should look to avoid, including:
There are a number of treatments available for stroke victims. The effective treatment of a stroke can save lives and prevent long term disability. The treatments, however, depend on the form of stroke.
For hemorrhagic strokes, medicine (as mentioned above) will also be necessary to prevent the possibility of another stroke. However, as hemorrhagic strokes are often more serious, surgery can be required.
Following a stroke, if the patient wishes to remain in their home around safe, comfortable and familiar surroundings – home care is the best option. Home care offers flexible and personal stroke care without the daunting thought of moving into a care home.
At Trinity Homecare, we have been caring for those who have suffered from a stroke for over 20 years. We provide stroke care services in the patients home, and we have seen just how much of an impact remaining at home has on the individual.
Whether it is full-time care or flexible visits, we provide help with your daily routine, medication, experience with symptoms, encourage exercise, support learning new skills and provide compassionate assistance whenever you need us.
We are an outstanding rated home care provider that you can trust, if you require stroke care, contact a friendly member of our team today and they will be happy to help.